The study about Komodo Dragons has found some results of the world's largest lizards on the planet. The Komodo dragons are only living in Komodo National Park, especially Rinca and Komodo Island.
Komodo is the largest species of the Varanidae family. It is the largest lizard in the world, with an average length of 2-3 meters, and weighs up to 100 kg. Komodo dragons are the top predators in their habitat. There are no other large carnivorous animals other than monitor lizards in any geography at the moment.
The habitat of the Komodo dragon has down due to human activities. The IUCN institution includes the Komodo dragon as a species that is vulnerable to extinction. Komodo dragons are under the protection of the Indonesian government.
The adult Komodo dragons usually weigh around 70 kg, although captive specimens often weigh more. According to Guinness World Records, an average adult male weighs 79 to 91 kg and measures 2.59 m. While an average female will weigh 68 to 73 kg and measure 2.29 m. The largest wild specimen was 3.13 m (10.3 ft) long and weigh 166 kg (366 lb).
The Komodo dragon has a tail as long as its body. There are about 60 frequently replaced serrated teeth. It can measure up to 2.5 cm in length. Its saliva is frequently blood-ting. It is because of their gingival covers the teeth.
Komodo dragons have only a single ear bone, that is the stapes. It uses for transferring vibrations from the tympanic membrane to the cochlea. It means they are likely restricted to sounds in the 400 to 2,000-hertz range. They are deaf in response to whispers, raise voices, and shouts.
The Komodo dragon can see objects as far away as 300 m (980 ft). But because its retinas only contain cones, it is thought to have poor night vision. It can distinguish colors but has poor visual discrimination of stationary objects.
Komodo dragon primarily relies on its tongue to detect, and taste. Smell stimuli with vomeronasal sense using Jacobson's organ, rather than using the nostrils. The Komodo may be able to detect carrion from 4–9.5 km away.
The Komodo dragon prefers hot and dry places. They typically live in dry, open grassland, savanna, and tropical forest at low elevations. As an ectotherm, it is most active during the day, although it exhibits some nocturnal activity.
Komodo dragons are solitary, coming together only to breed and eat. They are capable to run rapidly in brief sprints up to 20 km/h (12 mph). Diving up to 4.5 m (15 ft). They can climb trees proficiently when young through the use of their strong claws.
To catch out-of-reach prey, the Komodo dragon stands on its hind legs and uses its tail to support it. The claws are primarily weapons, as their great size makes climbing impractical. To see these Wild Dragons, you need to arrange the Komodo tour from Labuan Bajo.